The Trans Himalayan District of Kargil comprises of the
south-western parts of vast Ladakh plateau. The town is located at the
junction where roads from Leh, Srinagar, Skardu and Zanskar meet.
For that reason the Silk Route caravans from China, Turkey, Yarqand,
Afghanistan and the Indian plains used to pass through Kargil in the past.
They would trade in silk, ivory, carpets and precious stones.
Since 1974, when the area was thrown open for foreign tourists Kargil has regrained its importance in travel related activities and presently an important Tourist destination. Kargil is also the starting point for Zanskar valleyand Leh. The Kargil town is situated on the National Highway No:1D on the confluence of River Suru and Pashkum Nalah at an altitude of 2704 mtrs with a population of about 10,000 souls.The town has several private hotels(Economy to A Class categories).
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The great Himalayan Range form its south western boundary crowned
by a series of majestic snow capped peaks abandoned by awesome
glaciers and lush alpine slopes. This complex of valleys are drained
by tributaries of the Indus river, prominent among them being the
Suru, Zanskar, Drass, river Nallah Kanji and Nallah Wakha.
Much of the present day Kargil District was once known as “Purig”. The population of present day Kargil is a amalgament of different ethnic groups like the Indo-Aryan Dards’ Tibetan and Mons of northern India.
Day round near the town are: